Carbohydrates are nutrients that are the main source of energy from the main macro nutrients besides fat and protein which must be present in a balanced nutritional pattern to determine the health of our body. Carbohydrates are not only in rice and corn but also in cassava, potatoes, sweet potatoes, wheat and also from grains and fruits and so on. Apart from plant-based carbohydrates, it is also found in animal ingredients such as milk. There are two types of carbohydrates, namely complex and simple.
Simple carbohydrates are sugars found in fruit (in the form of sucrose and fructose) and milk in the form of lactose. While complex carbohydrates include whole grains (rice, corn, wheat and other types). Complex carbohydrates when in the gastrointestinal tract are broken into simple carbohydrates (sucrose) which are broken down into glucose. Glucose is used by the body to become an energy source. because every day we need energy, every day we need carbohydrates automatically.
The carbohydrates we consume exceed daily requirements, the remaining carbohydrates that are not burned into energy will be accumulated by the body in liver cells and muscle cells in the form of glycogen. And it will be used if the body needs a lot of energy but a little carbohydrate intake, glycogen reserves will be dismantled to be converted into glucose which will then be burned into energy.
The carbohydrates we have to consume to meet energy sources are 45-65% of our total daily calories. Carbohydrates are not the cause of obesity, because the cause of obesity is not from carbohydrates but the amount. In addition to carbohydrate fat and protein if consumed too much can also be a cause of obesity.
Because the carbohydrates we eat too much of the rest are piled up into fat. Therefore even though we don’t eat fat, we can experience obesity because carbohydrates can be converted into fat. Likewise fat can be converted into carbohydrates. In a balanced nutrition diet the recommended composition is carbohydrate (45-65%), protein (10-15%), and fat (less than 25%).
The highest composition of carbohydrates between fat and protein. The recommended carbohydrates are complex carbohydrates that are low in energy, contain lots of fiber, and are low in sugar, such as whole grains. But in low diets the composition of carbohydrates is converted to the smallest compared to fat and protein.
This is how to manipulate the body’s normal metabolism because it causes the body to lack carbohydrates so that it uses a lot of fat as an energy source. This effect is expected to reduce weight because it is used to breaking fat, especially in parts that make the body fat. It is best to go on a low diet under the supervision of a doctor.
That’s a little knowledge about the right diet, hopefully useful.